Are you aware that being diabetic increases your chances of vision threatening eye damage? Diabetes is the main cause of loss of sight in adults between the ages of 20 and 74 according to the National Institute of Health. One of the risks of diabetes is retinal damage caused by increased pressure in the blood vessels of the eye, which is called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a particularly serious complication of the disease and it is projected to affect 11 million people by 2030.
Early on, diabetic retinopathy often presents no noticeable symptoms. Vision loss occurs when the retinal blood vessels begin to leak fluid, oil and small amounts of blood into the retina. When it is not treated, blood vessels could be blocked or additional vessels may form on the retina leading to irreparable loss of sight.
If you have diabetes and you notice any sort of vision problems, such as fluctuations in eyesight, floaters, double vision, shadows or spots or any pain in your eye make sure to see an eye doctor. Cataracts and glaucoma are also more common in individuals with diabetes than in the average population.
With early detection and treatment, we can prevent loss of vision. In addition to making sure to schedule a diabetic eye exam on a yearly basis if you are diabetic, keeping your glucose levels under control is essential to keeping your eyes healthy. Make sure to keep your glucose levels at the proper range and keep an eye on your blood pressure. Ensure that you exercise and maintain proper nutrition and refrain from smoking.
This month, spread awareness of the risks of diabetic eye disease and consult with your eye doctor if you have any questions. In this case, ignorance could cost you your vision